Name WALKER, James Alexander
Born August 27 1832, Mt Sidney VA
Died October 20 1901, Wytheville VA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service 1861 Capt. in Pulaski Guard, served at Harper's Ferry under Jackson, Lt. Col. of 13th Virginia, February 1862 Col., Shenandoah Valley campaign, Seven Days, Second Manassas, commanded Trimble’s Bde/Ewell’s Divn at Sharpsburg (w), commanded Early’ Bde/Ewell’s Divn at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, commanded the Stonewall Brigade/Johnson’s Divn at Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spotsylvania (w), commanded Early’s Divn/II Corps at Petersburg, Appomattox.
Post War Career Farmer, lawyer, politician, lieutenant governor of Virginia, US congressman.
Notes As a student at VMI, he challenged T J Jackson to a duel.
Name WALKER, John George
Born July 22 1822, Cole Cty MO
Died July 20 1893, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Commissioned into US Army 1846, Mexican War, resigned July 1861.
War Service 1861 Maj. of cavalry, Lt. Col. of 8th Texas Cavalry, January 1862 Brig. Gen., served in Dept. of North Carolina, commanded Walker’s Divn/Longstreet’s command in Sharpsburg campaign, Sharpsburg, November 1862 Maj. Gen., transferred to Trans Mississippi, command of a division of Texas infantry, Red River campaign, commanded Dist of West Louisiana, commanded Dist. of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.
Post War Career Fled to Mexico, returned to US, US consul general at Bogota, special commissioner to the Pan-American Convention.
Name WALKER, Leroy Pope
Born February 7 1817, Huntsville AL
Died August 22 1884, Huntsville AL
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician, judge.
War Service 1861 Secretary of War, resigned September 1861, September 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded garrisons at Mobile and Montgomery, resigned commission March 1862, from April 1864 military court judge with the rank of Col.
Post War Career Lawyer.
Name WALKER, Lucius Marshall
Born October 18 1829, Columbia TN
Died September 7 1863, Little Rock AR
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1850, resigned 1852, merchant.
War Service 1861 Lt. Col. of 40th Tennessee, November 1861 Col. commanded defences of Memphis, March 1862 Brig. Gen., Corinth, Farmington, applied for transfer to Trans Mississippi (approved by Bragg with whom he had differences), commanded a brigade of cavalry, fought under Price at Helena, argued with Gen. J S Marmaduke, with whom he fought a duel (mw).
Name WALKER, Reuben Lindsay
Born May 29 1827, Logan VA
Died June 7 1890, Fluvanna Cty VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated VMI 1845, civil engineer, farmer.
War Service 1861 Capt. in command of Purcell Bty, First Manassas, Maj. and chief of artillery in A P Hill's division, Lt. Col., Col., chief of artillery in III Corps, February 1865 Brig. Gen., Appomattox.
Post War Career Farmer, railroad superintendent, civil engineer.
Notes Fought in every major eastern battle, except Seven Days when he was ill.
Name WALKER, William Henry Talbot
Born November 26 1816, Augusta GA
Died July 22 1864, Atlanta GA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1837, Seminole war (w), resigned 1838, reappointed 1840, Mexican War (w), commandant of cadets at West Point, resigned December 1860.
War Service April 1861 Maj. Gen. of Georgia state volunteers, May 1861 Brig. Gen. in Confederate army, resigned this commission October 1861, commissioned Maj. Gen. of Georgia state troops, March 1863 Brig. Gen. in Confederate army, May 1863 Maj. Gen., commanded Walker’s Bde in Vicksburg campaign, commanded Reserve Corps at Chickamauga, commanded Walker’s Divn/Hardee’s Corps in Atlanta campaign, Atlanta (k).
Brown, Russell K To the manner born : the life of General William H.T. Walker Athens, University of Georgia Press 1994
Name WALKER, William Stephen
Born April 13 1822, Pittsburgh PA
Died June 7 1899, Atlanta GA
Pre-War Profession Mexican War, 1855 commissioned Capt. of cavalry in US Army, resigned May 1861.
War Service March 1861 Lt. in Confederate army, administrative duties, Col., October 1862 Brig. Gen., command of a military district in South Carolina, given brigade command in Kinston NC, Petersburg (w,c), served in North Carolina.
Post War Career
Name WALLACE, William Henry
Born March 24 1827, Laurens Dist. SC
Died March 21 1901, Union SC
Pre-War Profession Planter, newspaper publisher, lawyer, politician.
War Service 1861 Pvt. in 18th South Carolina, Lt. Col., Second Manassas, August 1862 Col., South Mountain, Sharpsburg, service in South Carolina, Petersburg, Crater, September 1864 Brig. Gen., commanded Wallace’s Bde/Johnson’s Divn, Appomattox.
Post War Career Lawyer, planter, politician, judge.
Name WALTHALL, Edward Cary
Born April 4 1831, Richmond VA
Died April 21 1898, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Court clerk, lawyer, district attorney.
War Service 1861 Lt. in Yalobusha Rifles (later part of 15th Mississippi), Lt. Col., commanded at Mill Springs, April 1862 Col. of 29th Mississippi, Kentucky campaign, Munfordville, April 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Walthall’s Bde/W H T Walker's Divn at Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge (w), Atlanta campaign, July 1864 Maj. Gen., commanded Walthall’s Divn/Stewart’s Corps in Franklin and Nashville campaign, Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Lawyer, US senator.
Name WATERHOUSE, Richard
Born January 12 1832, Rhea Cty TN
Died March 20 1876, Waco TX
Pre-War Profession Mexican War, merchant.
War Service 1861 helped raise the 19th Texas, May 1862 Col., Milliken's Bend, Mansfield, Pleasant Hill, April 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. by Kirby Smith (not confirmed until just before the end of the war).
Post War Career Land speculator.
Name WATIE, Stand
Born December 12 1806, near the site of Rome GA
Died September 9 1871, Delaware Cty OK
Pre-War Profession Planter, newspaper publisher, signed a treaty which gave up Cherokee lands in Georgia to move to Oklahoma.
War Service 1861 induced Cherokees to side with Confederacy after Wilson's Creek, raised the Cherokee Mounted Rifles, appointed Col., Elkhorn Tavern, waged guerilla warfare in Indian Territory, May 1864 Brig. Gen., captured the steamer "J R Williams", surrendered June 1865.
Post War Career Planter, businessman.
Notes The last Confederate general to surrender his command.
Cunningham, Frank General Stand Watie's Confederate Indians San Antonio, Naylor Co. 1959
Knight, Wilfred Red Fox : Stand Watie and the Confederate Indian nations during the Civil War years in Indian territory Glendale CA, A.H. Clark Co. 1988
Narasingarajan, B Stand Watie : an analytical study Bangalore, India, Mayflower Publications 1984
Name WAUL, Thomas Neville
Born January 5 1813, Sumter Dist. SC
Died July 28 1903, Hunt Cty TX
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer, planter.
War Service 1861 elected to Provisional Confederate Congress, lost his seat for the Regular Congress, recruited Waul's Texas Legion - May 1862 Col., Vicksburg (s), September 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Waul’s Bde/J G Walker's Divn in Red River campaign, Jenkin's ferry.
Post War Career Politician, lawyer, farmer.
Name WAYNE, Henry Constantine
Born September 18 1815, Savannah GA
Died March 15 1883, Savannah GA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1838, duty in artillery and quartermaster's departments, Mexican War, studied the use of camels in the southwest, resigned December 1860.
War Service 1861 appointed adjutant general and inspector general of Georgia troops, December 1861 Brig. Gen. in Confederate Provisional Army, resigned this commission in January 1862 after having been ordered to Virginia, returned to previous position as Maj. Gen., commanded two brigades of Georgia militia at the start of the Atlanta campaign, June 1864 relieved of field command, returned to administrative duties.
Post War Career Lumber businessman.
Name WEISIGER, David Addison
Born December 23 1818, Chesterfield Cty VA
Died February 23 1899, Richmond VA
Pre-War Profession Mexican War, businessman, Capt. in Virginia militia.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 12th Virginia, Seven Pines, Seven Days, Second Manassas (w), Wilderness, commanded Mahone's brigade, Spotsylvania, May 1864 Brig. Gen. (temporary), Cold Harbor, Crater (w), permanent Brig. Gen. July 1864, commanded Weisiger’s Bde/Mahone’s Divn, Appomattox.
Post War Career Bank cashier, businessman.
Name WHARTON, Gabriel Colvin
Born July 23 1824, Culpeper Cty VA
Died May 12 1906, Radford VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated VMI 1847, civil engineer, mining interests.
War Service July 1861 Maj. in 45th Virginia, August 1861 Col. of 51st Virginia, Army of the Kanawha, command a brigade at Fort Donelson, escaped from Fort Donelson, served in southwest Virginia, July 1863 Brig. Gen. in command of Shenandoah Valley Dist., commanded Wharton’s Bde of Sharpshooters/Ransom's Divn in Knoxville campaign, New Market, commanded Wharton’s Divn in Early's Shenandoah Valley campaign, Winchester, Cedar Creek, Fisher's Hill, Waynesborough.
Post War Career Politician, mining engineer.
Name WHARTON, John Austin
Born July 3 1828, nr Nashville TN
Died April 6 1865, Houston TX
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service 1861 Capt. in Terry's Texas Rangers, Col., Shiloh (w), Kentucky campaign, November 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Wharton’s Bde/Wheeler’s Divn at Murfreesboro, January 1863 Maj. Gen., commanded Wharton’s Cavalry Divn at Chickamauga, transferred to Trans Mississippi , commanded cavalry in Red River campaign, killed in a quarrel by Col. G W Baylor of the 2nd Texas Cavalry.
Name WHEELER, Joseph “Fightin’ Joe”
Born September 10 1836, Augusta GA
Died January 25 1906, Brooklyn NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1859, frontier duty, resigned April 1861.
War Service 1861 1st Lt. of artillery, September 1861 Col. of 19th Alabama, Shiloh, chief of cavalry in Army of the Mississippi, Kentucky campaign, October 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded the Cavalry Divn at Murfreesboro, January 1863 Maj. Gen., commanded the cavalry at Chickamauga, raided around Chattanooga, Knoxville campaign, commanded Cavalry Corps in Atlanta campaign, opposed Sherman's March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign, superseded by Hampton.
Post War Career Cotton planter, US congressman, Maj. Gen. of volunteers in Spanish-American war, commanded a brigade in the Philippines, commissioned a Brig. Gen. in the Regular Army.
Notes Second only to Forrest as a raider.
De Leon, T. C. Joseph Wheeler, the man, the statesman, the soldier; seen in semi-biographical sketches Kennesaw GA, Continental Book Co. 1960
Staff Officer Synopsis of the military career of Gen. Joseph Wheeler Birmingham AL, Birmingham Public Library Press 1988
Name WHITFIELD, John Wilkins
Born March 11 1818, Franklin TN
Died October 27 1879, nr Hallettsville TX
Pre-War Profession Mexican War, Indian agent, US congressman, land office registrar.
War Service 1861 Maj. in 4th Bn Texas Cavalry, Col. of 27th Texas (Whitfield's Texas Legion), Elkhorn Tavern, Iuka (w), attached to Van Dorn's command, May 1863 Brig. Gen., Johnston's Vicksburg campaign, commanded a brigade under W H Jackson in Mississippi, no known command at war's end.
Post War Career Politician.
Name WHITING, William Henry Chase
Born March 22 1824, Biloxi MS
Died March 10 1865, Governor's Is. NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1845 (1st in his class), supervised river and harbor works and fortifications, resigned February 1861.
War Service 1861 Maj. of engineers, chief engineer of Johnston's Army of the Shenandoah, August 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded Whiting’s Divn at Seven Pines, Jackson's Shenandoah Valley campaign, Seven Days, ordered to North Carolina, developed Fort Fisher as a strong fortress, April 1863 Maj. Gen., Petersburg, returned to North Carolina, defence of Fort Fisher (w, c), died of his injuries in prison.
Notes His scholastic record at West Point was the best ever to that point.
Name WICKHAM, Williams Carter
Born September 21 1820, Richmond VA
Died July 23 1888, Richmond VA
Pre-War Profession lawyer, planter, politician, judge, militia officer.
War Service March 1861 Capt. of Hanover Dragoons, First Manassas, Lt. Col. of 4th Virginia Cavalry, Williamsburg (w), captured while recuperating, August 1862 Col., Second Manassas, Sharpsburg (w), Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, September 1863 Brig. Gen., defended Richmond from Kilpatrick's raid, commanded Wickham’s Bde/Fitzhugh Lee’s Divn in Overland campaign, Shenandoah Valley campaign, resigned November 1864 to sit in Congress, took part in Hampton Roads conference.
Post War Career Planter, politician, railroad president.
Name WIGFALL, Louis Trezevant
Born April 21 1816, nr Edgefield SC
Died February 18 1874, Galveston TX
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician, US senator, expelled from the Senate July 1861.
War Service 1861 aide to Beauregard at Fort Sumter, appointed to Confederate congress, August 1861 Col. in 1st Texas, October 1861 Brig. Gen. in Provisional Army, resigned February 1862 to sit in the senate, opposed President Davis' military policy, mostly responsible for R E Lee being named General-in-chief in 1865.
Post War Career Fled to Texas, then to England, returned to US.
King, Alvy L Louis T. Wigfall, Southern fire-eater Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press 1970
Name WILCOX, Cadmus Marcellus
Born May 29 1824, Wayne Cty NC
Died December 2 1890, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1846, Mexican War, frontier duty, instructor at West Point, resigned June 1861.
War Service June 1861 Col. of 9th Alabama, First Manassas, October 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded Wilcox’s Bde/Longstreet's Divn at Seven Pines, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville campaign, Salem Church, Gettysburg, August 1863 Maj. Gen., commanded Wilcox’s Divn/III Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg, Fort Gregg, Appomattox.
Post War Career Chief of railroad division in US Land Office.
On the Internet Major General Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox
Name WILLIAMS, John Stuart "Cerro Gordo"
Born July 10 1818, nr Mt Sterling KY
Died July 17 1898, Mt Sterling KY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican War, politician.
War Service November 1861 Col. of 5th Kentucky, fought Union Gen. W Nelson on Kentucky- Virginia border, April 1862 Brig. Gen. in command of a brigade under Gen. H Marshall, Kentucky campaign, operations in southwest Virginia, commanded Dept. of East Tennessee, requested relief from duty in November 1863, joined Ransom's division in Trans-Allegheny region, served in Wheeler's cavalry in Kelly's division in Atlanta campaign, served in southwest Virginia.
Post War Career Farmer, politician, US senator.
Name WILSON, Claudius Charles
Born October 1 1831, Effingham Cty GA
Died November 27 1863, Ringgold GA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, state solicitor.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 25th Georgia, September 1861 Col., served in the Dept. of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Vicksburg campaign, commanded a brigade in Walker's corps at Chickamauga, November 1863 Brig. Gen., died of fever.
Name WINDER, Charles Sidney
Born October 18 1829, Talbot Cty MD
Died August 9 1862, Cedar Mountain VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1850, garrison and frontier duty, resigned April 1861.
War Service April 1861 Maj. of artillery in Confederate Regular Army, Fort Sumter, July 1861 Col. of 6th South Carolina, March 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded the Stonewall Brigade in Shenandoah Valley campaign, Seven Days, Cedar Mountain (mw).
Notes A strict disciplinarian, he was disliked by his men.
Name WINDER, John Henry
Born February 21 1800, Somerset Cty MD
Died February 7 1865, Florence SC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1820, artillery service, resigned 1823, reappointed 1827, instructor at West Point, Mexican War, resigned April 1861.
War Service June 1861 Brig. Gen., provost marshal of Richmond, commanded Andersonville prison in 1864, commissary general of all prisons east of the Mississippi, died of strain and fatigue.
Blakey, Arch Fredric General John H. Winder, C.S.A. Gainesville, University of Florida Press 1990
Name WISE, Henry Alexander
Born December 3 1806, Drummondtown VA
Died September 12 1876, Richmond VA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, US congressman, minister to Brazil, governor of Virginia.
War Service June 1861 Brig. Gen., Kanawha Valley, Roanoke Is., coastal defences of the Carolinas and Florida, commanded Wise’s Bde/Johnson’s Divn at Petersburg, Richmond, commanded a division in the last days, Sayler’s Creek, Appomattox.
Post War Career Lawyer.
Notes Brother-in-law of Union Gen. Meade.
Simpson, Craig M A good southerner : the life of Henry A. Wise of Virginia Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1985
Name WITHERS, Jones Mitchell
Born January 12 1814, Madison Cty AL
Died March 13 1890, Mobile AL
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1835, resigned 1835, Creek uprising, lawyer, cotton dealer, Mexican War, merchant, politician, mayor.
War Service 1861 Col. of 3rd Alabama, July 1861 Brig. Gen., commanded all state forces, Gulf coast defences, commanded 2nd Divn/Bragg’s Corps at Shiloh, April 1862 Maj. Gen., Kentucky campaign, commanded 2nd Divn/Polk’s Corps at Murfreesboro, lost command of his division due to ill health, command of Dist. of North Alabama, command of Alabama state reserve forces.
Post War Career Cotton broker, newspaper editor, mayor, city treasurer, claim agent.
Name WOFFORD, William Tatum
Born June 28 1824, Habersham Cty GA
Died May 22 1884, nr Cass Station GA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican War, planter, politician, newspaper editor.
War Service June 1861 Col. of 18th Georgia, served in North Carolina, Peninsula campaign, Seven Pines, Seven Days, temporarily commanded Hood's Texas Brigade at Second Manassas, South Mountain, Sharpsburg, commanded Cobb's Bde/McLaws’ Divn at Fredericksburg, January 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded Wofford’s Bde/McLaws' Divn at Salem Church, Gettysburg, commanded Wofford’s Bde/Kershaw's Divn at the Wilderness (w), Spotsylvania (w), Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Cedar Creek, requested by Governor Brown to command the Dept of North Georgia.
Post War Career Elected US congressman but refused his seat by Republican radicals, politician.
Name WOOD, Sterling Alexander Martin
Born March 17 1823, Florence AL
Died January 26 1891, Tuscaloosa AL
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, solicitor, newspaper editor, politician.
War Service 1861 Capt. in Florence Guards, May 1861 Col. of 7th Alabama, served in Pensacola, January 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded 3rd Bde/Hardee's Corps at Shiloh, commanded 4th Bde/Buckner's Divn at Munfordville and Perryville (w), commanded 4th Bde/Cleburne's Divn at Murfreesboro, commanded Dist. of North Alabama, rejoined his brigade under Cleburne at Chickamauga, resigned his commission October 1863.
Post War Career Lawyer, politician, professor.
Name WRIGHT, Ambrose Ransom "Rans"
Born April 26 1826, Louisville GA
Died December 21 1872, Augusta GA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 3rd Georgia, served in North Carolina and Georgia, June 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Wright’s Bde/Huger's Divn at Seven Days, commanded Wright’s Bde/R H Anderson’s Divn at Second Manassas, Sharpsburg (w), Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, commanded Wright’s Bde/Mahone’s Divn at Petersburg, November 1864 Maj. Gen. and ordered to Georgia.
Post War Career Lawyer, newspaper publisher, elected to US congress but died before he could take his seat.
Name WRIGHT, Marcus Joseph
Born June 5 1831, Purdy TN
Died December 27 1922, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Law clerk, Lt. Col. in Tennessee militia.
War Service 1861 Lt. Col. in 154th Senior Tennessee, military governor of Columbus KY, Belmont, Shiloh (w), served on Cheatham's staff in Kentucky campaign, December 1862 Brig. Gen., commanded Wright’s Bde/Cheatham’s Divn at Chickamauga, Chattanooga, commanded Dist. of Atlanta, garrison at Macon, commanded Dist. of North Mississippi and West Tennessee.
Post War Career Lawyer, asst purser of US Navy Yard, agent for the collection of archives, a compiler of the Official Records
Whitlow, Charles Marcus J. Wright--an essay with bibliography C. Whitlow 1980