Name CADWALADER, George
Born May 16 1806, Philadelphia PA
Died February 3 1879, Philadelphia PA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, militia officer, Mexican war, businessman.
War Service April 1861 Maj. Gen. of Pennsylvania troops, served in the Shenandoah Valley, April 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, served on boards of enquiry and commissions, commanded at Philadelphia.
Post War Career Businessman.
Notes

Name CALDWELL, John Curtis
Born April 17 1833, Lowell VT
Died August 31 1912, Calais ME
Pre-War Profession Teacher.
War Service November 1861 Col. of 11th Maine, appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers (April 1862) commanding 1st Bde/1st Divn/II Corps, Peninsula campaign, Fredericksburg (w), Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, relieved of duty in Army of the Potomac March 1864.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 19 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, US consul in Valparaiso, US minister to Uruguay, US consul in Costa Rica.
Notes He served in the honor guard in the procession of Lincoln's body from Washington to Springfield.

Name CAMERON, Robert Alexander
Born February 22 1828, Brooklyn NY
Died March 10 1894, Canon City CO
Pre-War Profession Newspaper owner, politician.
War Service April 1861 Capt. of 9th Indiana, served in Western Virginia, Lt. Col. in 19th Indiana, Lt. Col. in 34th Indiana, Island No 10, New Madrid, Memphis, June 1862 Col., siege of Vicksburg, August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Divn/XIII Corps in Red River campaign, commanded a District in Louisiana.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Established farming colonies, postal clerk, prison warden.
Notes

Name CAMPBELL, Charles Thomas
Born August 10 1823, Franklin Cty PA
Died April 15 1895, Scotland SD
Pre-War Profession Mexican war, politician.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in Pennsylvania Light Artillery, Lt. Col. of 1st Pennsylvania Artillery, Dranesville, September 1861 Col., Col. of 57th Pennsylvania Infantry, Seven Pines (w), Fredericksburg (w), November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - appointment expired, March 1863 reappointed, commanded a District in Wisconsin.
Post War Career Inspector of Indian agencies, stage line operator, mayor, hotelier.
Notes

Name CAMPBELL, William Bowen
Born February 1 1807, Sumner Cty TN
Died August 19 1867, Lebanon TN
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Seminole war, US congressman, Mexican war, state governor.
War Service June 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, resigned January 1863.
Post War Career Was prevented by Republican Radicals from taking his seat in Congress.
Notes

Name CANBY, Edward Richard Sprigg
Born November 9 1817, Platt's Landing KY
Died April 11 1873, Siskiyou CA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1839, fought Indians in Florida and Arkansas, garrison duty, Mexican war, frontier duty.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 19th US Infantry, commanded Dept of New Mexico, opposed Sibley's invasion, Valverde, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, staff duties in the East, May 1864 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Division of West Mississippi, captured Mobile, accepted the surrender of the forces of Taylor and Kirby Smith in May 1865.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, commanded Dept of the Columbia and Division of the Pacific.
Notes Killed while negotiating with Modoc Indians.

Name CARLETON, James Henry
Born December 27 1814, Lubec ME
Died January 7 1873, San Antonio TX
Pre-War Profession Aroostook war, appointed to US Army 1839, Mexican war, scouting and exploring duty.
War Service August 1861 Col. of 1st California, led the California Column through Arizona, New Mexico and West Texas, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept of New Mexico.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the cavalry.
Notes
Further reading
Hunt, Aurora Major general James Henry Carleton, 1814-1873, western frontier dragoon Glendale CA, A H Clark, 1958.

Name CARLIN, William Passmore
Born November 24 1829, Richwoods IL
Died October 4 1903, nr Whitehall MT
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1850, garrison duty, fought Indians, Utah expedition.
War Service August 1861 Col. of 38th Illinois, commanded 31st Bde/9th Divn/III Corps at Perryville, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XIV Corps at Stone's River, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/XIV Corps at Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign, commanded 1st Divn/XIV Corps at Bentonville.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 19 1865.
Post War Career Army service, service in the Freedmen's Bureau, frontier duty, retired 1893.
Notes

Name CARR, Eugene Asa
Born March 20 1830, Concord NY
Died December 2 1910, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1850, frontier duty.
War Service August 1861 Capt. in 4th US Cavalry, Wilson's Creek, August 1861 Col. of 3rd Illinois Cavalry, commanded a brigade of cavalry at Pea Ridge (w) - Medal of Honor, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 14th Divn/XIII Corps in Vicksburg campaign, commanded 1st Cavalry Divn/VII Corps in Arkansas.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 11 1865, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service as an Indian fighter, retired 1893, interested in National Geographic Society.
Notes
Further reading
King, James T War Eagle; a life of General Eugene A. Carr Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, 1963.

Name CARR, Joseph Bradford
Born August 16 1828, Albany NY
Died February 24 1895, Troy NY
Pre-War Profession Tobacconist, militia officer.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 2nd New York, Big Bethel, Peninsula campaign, Second Bull Run, September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - appointment expired March 1863 - reappointed March 1863, commanded a 1st Bde/2nd Divn/III Corps at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, assigned to Army of the James, commanded 3rd Divn/XVIII Corps (a division of Black troops).
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Manufacturer, secretary of state for New York.
Notes Confirmation of his promotion was held up until May 1864.

Name CARRINGTON, Henry Beebee
Born March 2 1824, Wallingford CT
Died October 26 1912, Boston MA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, militia officer, scholar, historian.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 18th US Infantry as a reward for organising regiments of Ohio militia, served in Western Virginia, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, supervised recruitment activities, suppressed "disloyal" citizens in Indiana and Ohio.
Post War Career Army service as an Indian fighter, college professor, author, Indian treaty negotiator.
Notes Was partly responsible for the Fetterman massacre in 1866.

Name CARROLL, Samuel Sprigg
Born September 21 1832, Takoma Park DC
Died January 28 1893, Montgomery Cty MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1856, frontier duty, quartermaster at West Point.
War Service December 1861 Col. of 8th Ohio, commanded 4th Bde/Shields' Divn in Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Mountain, wounded on the Rapidan, Fredericksburg, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/II Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Wilderness (w), Spotsylvania (w), May 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept of West Virginia, commanded a division of the Army of the Shenandoah.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in inspector general's department, retired through invalidity 1869.
Notes

Name CARTER, Samuel Powhatan
Born August 6 1819, Elizabethton TN
Died May 26 1891, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Midshipman, graduated US Naval Academy 1846, naval service.
War Service July 1861 transferred to the War Department, May 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served in Kentucky and Tennessee, Burnside's campaign in East Tennessee, commanded the cavalry division of XXIII Corps at Knoxville, commanded 3rd Divn/XXIII Corps in Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career US Navy service, retired 1881.
Notes

Name CASEY, Silas
Born July 12 1807, East Greenwich RI
Died January 22 1882, Brooklyn NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1826, Mexican war, service on Pacific coast.
War Service August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Divn/IV Corps at Seven Pines (w), May 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Washington defences, served on officer selection boards.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1862, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, retired 1868.
Notes Compiled and edited the System of Infantry Tactics and Infantry Tactics for Colored Troops.
On the Internet Silas Casey II

Name CATTERSON, Robert Francis
Born March 22 1835, Marion Cty IN
Died March 30 1914, San Antonio TX
Pre-War Profession Doctor.
War Service June 1861 Sgt in 14th Indiana, Sgt., Lt., Kernstown, Capt., Lt. Col. of 97th Indiana, November 1862 Col., Memphis, Vicksburg campaign, Tullahoma, Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XV Corps in Carolinas campaign, Bentonville, May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Post War Career Cotton speculator, commander of Negro militia which fought the Ku Klux Klan, US marshal, mayor, farmer.
Notes

Name CHAMBERLAIN, Joshua Lawrence
Born September 8 1828, Brewer ME
Died February 24 1914, Portland ME
Pre-War Profession College professor
War Service August 1862 Lt. Col. of 20th Maine, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, May 1863 Col., Gettysburg (w) - Medal of Honor, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, promoted in the field to Brig. Gen. of Volunteers by Gen. Grant in June 1864, Petersburg (w), Five Forks, accepted the formal surrender of the ANV.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 29 1865.
Post War Career Governor, college president, businessman, author.
Notes Led the critical bayonet charge on the Union left on Little Round Top.
On the Internet Chamberlain Biography
Further reading
Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence Through blood & fire at Gettysburg : General Joshua Chamberlain and the 20th Maine Gettysburg PA, Stan Clark Military Books, 1994
Trulock, Alice Rains In the hands of Providence : Joshua L. Chamberlain and the American Civil War Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1992
Wallace, Willard M Soul of the lion : a biography of General Joshua L. Chamberlain New York, T. Nelson, 1960

Name CHAMBERS, Alexander
Born August 23 1832, Catteraugus Cty NY
Died January 2 1888, San Antonio TX
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1853, frontier and garrison duty.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 18th US Infantry, recruiting duty in Iowa, March 1862 Col. of 16th Iowa, Shiloh (w), Iuka (w), commanded 3rd Bde/6th Divn/XVII Corps in Vicksburg campaign, August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - revoked by the Senate in April 1864, garrison duty.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, frontier and garrison duty.
Notes

Name CHAMPLIN, Stephen Gardner
Born July 1 1827, Kingston NY
Died January 24 1864, Grand Rapids MI
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, judge, county attorney.
War Service June 1861 Maj. in 3rd Michigan, Col., Peninsula campaign, Seven Pines (w), Groveton (not quite recovered from his wound), recruiting duty in Michigan, October 1862 Col., November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Notes Died from the effects of his wounds.

Name CHAPIN, Edward Payson
Born August 16 1831, Waterloo NY
Died May 27 1863, Port Hudson MS
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, militia officer.
War Service September 1861 Capt. in 44th New York, Maj., Yorktown, Lt. Col., September 1862 Col. of 116th New York, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/XIX Corps at Port Hudson (k), May 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Notes Posthumously promoted.

Name CHAPMAN, George Henry
Born November 22 1832, Holland MA
Died June 16 1882, nr Indianapolis IN
Pre-War Profession Midshipman, resigned 1850, newspaper publisher, lawyer, assistant clerk in US House of Representatives.
War Service October 1861 resigned from Congress, Maj. of 3rd Indiana Cavalry, Lt. Col., Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, March 1863 Col., Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Cavalry Divn in the Petersburg campaign, July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Divn/Cavalry Corps in the Shenandoah Valley.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Judge, politician.
Notes His regiment at Gettysburg was the first to face the advancing Confederates on the Cashtown road.

Name CHETLAIN, Augustus Louis
Born December 26 1824, St Louis MO
Died March 15 1914, Chicago IL
Pre-War Profession Clerk, businessman.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 12th Illinois, Lt. Col., Forts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, April 1862 Col., Iuka, Corinth, December 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, recruited Black troops in Tennessee and Kentucky, commanded at Memphis.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. June 18 1865.
Post War Career Collector of internal revenue, US consul in Brussels, banker, philanthropist, author.
Notes

Name CHRYSLER, Morgan Henry
Born September 30 1822, Columbia Cty NY
Died August 24 1890, Kinderhook NY
Pre-War Profession Farmer
War Service 1861 Pvt., Capt. in 30th New York, Maj., Second Bull Run, Antietam, Chancellorsville, Lt. Col., December 1863 Col. of 2nd New York Veteran Cavalry, Washington defences, commanded 4th Bde/Cavalry Divn/XIII Corps in Red River campaign, Mobile, November 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. January 23 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Farmer
Notes An excellent citizen soldier.

Name CLARK, William Thomas
Born June 29 1831, Norwalk CT
Died October 12 1905, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service 1861 recruited 13th Iowa - Lt., Capt., staff duties, Lt. Col., battle of Atlanta (McPherson's adjutant), commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/XV Corps in Carolinas campaign, May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. July 22 1864, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. November 24 1865.
Post War Career Banker, US congressman.
Notes Expelled from Congress following a corrupt election.

Name CLAY, Cassius Marcellus
Born October 19 1810, Madison Cty KY
Died July 22 1903, Madison Cty KY
Pre-War Profession Newspaper proprietor, Mexican war, politician, minister to Russia.
War Service Returned to US, April 1862 appointed Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, performed little duty, resigned March 1863.
Post War Career Minister to Russia, politician.
Notes
Further reading
Richardson, H. Edward Cassius Marcellus Clay : firebrand of freedom Lexington, University Press of Kentucky, 1976

Name CLAYTON, Powell
Born August 7 1833, Delaware Cty PA
Died August 25 1914, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Civil engineer.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 1st Kansas, Wilson's Creek, served in Missouri and Arkansas, Lt. Col. of 5th Kansas Cavalry, March 1862 Col., Pine Bluff, August 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Post War Career Carpetbag governor of Arkansas, US senator, hotelier, US ambassador to Mexico.
Notes

Name CLUSERET, Gustave Paul
Born June 13 1823, Suresnes, France
Died August 22 1900, Hyeres, France
Pre-War Profession French army officer, Crimean war.
War Service March 1862 Col. and aide to McClellan, commanded a brigade at Cross Keys, October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served in the Shenandoah, resigned March 1863.
Post War Career Newspaper editor, deeply involved in French politics.
Notes

Name COCHRANE, John
Born August 27 1813, Palatine NY
Died February 7 1898, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Us congressman.
War Service June 1861 recruited 65th New York - Col., Seven Pines, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/VI Corps at Fredericksburg, resigned February 1863 (for health reasons).
Post War Career Attorney general of New York, politician.
Notes His resignation may have been politically related.

Name CONNOR, Patrick Edward
Born March 17 1820, Cty Kerry, Ireland
Died December 17 1891, Salt Lake City UT
Pre-War Profession Enlisted in US Army 1839, Seminole war, garrison duty, discharged at end of enlistment, Mexican war, miner.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 3rd California, commanded Dist. of Utah, guarded mail route, fought Indians, March 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service on the frontier, mustered out 1866, newspaper owner, mining promoter.
Notes

Name CONNOR, Selden
Born January 25 1839, Fairfield ME
Died July 9 1917, Augusta ME
Pre-War Profession Student.
War Service May 1861 Pvt. in 1st Vermont, Big Bethel, Lt. Col. of 7th Maine, Peninsula campaign, Antietam, Fredericksburg (w), Gettysburg, Col. of 19th Maine, Wilderness (w), incapacitated, June 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, administrative duties.
Post War Career Internal revenue official, governor, pension agent.
Notes

Name COOK, John
Born June 12 1825, Belleville IL
Died October 13 1910, Ransom MI
Pre-War Profession Businessman, realtor, mayor, sheriff, state quartermaster general.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 7th Illinois, Fort Donelson, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served in the Northwest, commanded Dist. of Illinois.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 24 1865.
Post War Career Politician, Indian agent.
Notes

Name COOKE, Philip St George
Born June 13 1809, Leesburg VA
Died March 20 1895, Detroit MI
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1827, frontier duty, Black Hawk War, Mexican war, explorer, observer in the Crimean War.
War Service November 1861 Brig. Gen. in Regular Army, served in Washington defences, commanded a cavalry division in Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, court martial duty, commanded Dist. of Baton Rouge, recruiting duty.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, author.
Notes Father of Confederate Gen. J R Cooke and father-in-law of Jeb Stuart.

Name COOPER, James
Born May 8 1810, Frederick Cty MD
Died March 28 1863, Camp Chase OH
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, US congressman, politician, US senator.
War Service May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, recruiting Marylanders, commanded 1st Bde/Sigel's Divn in Shenandoah Valley campaign, commanded a prisoner of war camp, commanded a camp of instruction.
Notes

Name COOPER, Joseph Alexander
Born November 25 1823, Whitley Cty KY
Died May 20 1910, Stafford KS
Pre-War Profession Farmer, Mexican war
War Service 1861 Capt. of 1st Tennessee, Mill Springs, March 1862 Col. of 6th Tennessee, Cumberland Gap, Stone's River, Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/XXIII Corps, Franklin, Nashville.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Internal revenue collector, farmer.
Notes

Name COPELAND, Joseph Tarr
Born May 6 1813, Newcastle ME
Died May 6 1893, Orange Park FL
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, judge.
War Service August 1861 Lt. Col. in 1st Michigan Cavalry, Shenandoah Valley campaign, August 1862 Col. of 5th Michigan Cavalry, 2nd Bull Run, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Michigan cavalry brigade in Washington defences, commanded draft depots, commanded a military prison.
Post War Career Hotelier.
Notes

Name CORCORAN, Michael
Born September 21 1827, Cty Donegal, Ireland
Died December 22 1863, nr Fairfax Court House VA
Pre-War Profession Irish policeman, emigrated to US 1849, Col. of NY militia.
War Service 1861 Col. of 69th New York Militia, First Bull Run (w,c), exchanged August 1862, July 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a division in Suffolk campaign, Washington defences.
Notes Died after his horse fell on him.

Name CORSE, John Murray
Born April 27 1835, Pittsburgh PA
Died April 27 1893, Winchester MA
Pre-War Profession Attended West Point 1853-55, lawyer, politician.
War Service July 1861 Maj. in 6th Iowa, served on Pope's staff, Lt. Col. , March 1863 Col., Corinth, Vicksburg campaign, August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/4th Divn/XV Corps at Chattanooga (w), Sherman's inspector general in Atlanta campaign, Allatoona Pass (w), commanded 4th Divn/XV Corps in March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. October 5 1864.
Post War Career Internal revenue collector, railroad builder, politician, postmaster.
Notes

Name COUCH, Darius Nash
Born July 23 1822, Putnam Cty NY
Died February 12 1897, Norwalk CT
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1846, Mexican war, Seminole war, naturalist, manufacturer.
War Service June 1861 Col. of 7th Massachusetts, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Divn/IV Corps in Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Antietam, commanded II Corps at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, applied for relief of duty, commanded Pennsylvania militia in Gettysburg campaign, commanded 2nd Divn/XXIII Corps at Nashville, Carolinas campaign.
Post War Career Politician.
Notes

Name COWDIN, Robert
Born September 18 1805, Jamaica VT
Died July 9 1874, Boston MA
Pre-War Profession Lumber businessman, militia officer.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 1st Massachusetts, Blackburn's Ford, First Bull Run, Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Washington defences, Senate did not confirm promotion, March 1863 relieved of duty.
Post War Career Politician.
Notes

Name COX, Jacob Dolson
Born October 27 1828, Montreal, Canada
Died August 4 1900, nr Gloucester MA
Pre-War Profession Bank clerk, lawyer, politician.
War Service April 1861 Brig. Gen. of Ohio state troops, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, served in Western Virginia, commanded Kanawha Divn/IX Corps at South Mountain, Antietam, October 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers - expired as there was an excess of generals, commanded Dist of Ohio, commanded 3rd Divn/XXIII Corps in Atlanta campaign, Franklin, Nashville, December 1864 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Kinston.
Post War Career Governor, Secretary of the Interior, lawyer, educator, author.
Notes On the Internet Jacob Cox biography

Name CRAIG, James
Born February 28 1817, Washington Cty PA
Died October 21 1888, St Joseph MO
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican war, politician, US congressman.
War Service March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dist of Nebraska, May 1863 resigned commission, May 1864 Brig. Gen. in Missouri state militia.
Post War Career Railroad president, city comptroller.
Notes

Name CRAWFORD, Samuel Wylie
Born November 8 1829, Franklin Cty PA
Died November 3 1892, Philadelphia PA
Pre-War Profession 1851 appointed assistant surgeon in US army, frontier duty.
War Service April 1861 commanded a battery at Fort Sumter, Maj. in 13th US Infantry, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn in Shenandoah Valley campaign, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/II Corps at Cedar Mountain, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/XII Corps at Antietam (w), commanded Pennsylvania Reserve Corps in Washington defences, they became the 3rd Divn/V Corps at Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Five Forks.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, retired 1873.
Notes

Name CRITTENDEN, Thomas Leonidas
Born May 15 1819, Russellville KY
Died October 23 1893, Staten Is. NY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican war, US consul in Liverpool.
War Service September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded the 5th Divn/Army of the Ohio at Shiloh, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Stone's River, Tullahoma, commanded XXI Corps at Chickamauga, criticised by Rosecrans for poor performance but acquitted, resigned December 1864.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867.
Post War Career State treasurer of Kentucky, 1867 appointed to Regular Army, retired 1881.
Notes Brother of Confederate Gen. G B Crittenden.

Name CRITTENDEN, Thomas Turpin
Born October 16 1825, Huntsville AL
Died September 5 1905, East Gloucester MA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican war.
War Service April 1861 Capt. of 6th Indiana, Col., served in Western Virginia, Shiloh, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, captured by Forrest at Stone's River in July 1862, released October 1862, resigned May 1863.
Post War Career Real estate developer.
Notes Cousin of Gen T L Crittenden.

Name CROCKER, Marcellus Monroe
Born February 6 1830, Franklin IN
Died August 26 1865, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Attended West Point 1847-49, lawyer.
War Service May 1961 Capt. in 2nd Iowa, Maj. , Lt. Col., December 1861 Col. in 13th Iowa, guarded railroads, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn at Shiloh, advance on Corinth, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 7th Divn/XVII Corps in Vicksburg campaign, raided in Louisiana, June 1864 offered to resign because of illness - not accepted, commanded 4th Divn/XVII Corps in Atlanta campaign, served in New Mexico, served in Washington, died of tuberculosis.
Notes Highly regarded by Grant.

Name CROOK, George
Born September 8 1828, nr Dayton OH
Died March 21 1890, Chicago IL
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1852, duty in Pacific Northwest.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 36th Ohio, served in Western Virginia, September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded an Ohio brigade at South Mountain, Antietam, commanded 2nd Cavalry Divn in Army of the Cumberland in Chickamauga campaign, Cloyd's Mountain, commanded Dept of Western Virginia, commanded a corps in Shenandoah Valley campaign, October 1864 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, captured in Cumberland MD, exchanged March 1865, commanded a division of cavalry in Army of the Potomac in Appomattox campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. July 18 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service as Indian fighter, commanded the Division of the Missouri.
Notes
On the Internet General George Crook, Federal Army
Further reading
Crook, George General George Crook : his autobiography Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1986

Name CROXTON, John Thomas
Born November 20 1836, Bourbon Cty KY
Died April 16 1874, Bolivia
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service October 1861 Lt. Col. of 4th Kentucky Mounted Infantry, Mill Springs, May 1862 Col., Perryville, Tullahoma, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/Cavalry Corps at Chickamauga (w), commanded a cavalry brigade in Atlanta campaign, July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Nashville, commanded Dist. of Southwest Georgia.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. April 27 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, US minister to Bolivia.
Notes
Further reading
Miller, Rex Croxton's raid Fort Collins CO, Old Army Press, 1979.

Name CRUFT, Charles
Born January 12 1826, Terre Haute IN
Died March 23 1883, Terre Haute IN
Pre-War Profession Teacher, bank clerk, lawyer, railroad president.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 31st Indiana, commanded a brigade at Fort Donelson, Shiloh (w), advance on Corinth, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Richmond KY, Perryville, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/XIV Corps at Stone's River, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/XXI Corps at Chickamauga, commanded 1st Divn/IV Corps at Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, commanded a "provisional division" at Nashville.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 5 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer.
Notes

Name CULLUM, George Washington
Born February 25 1809, New York NY
Died February 28 1892, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1833, harbor defence construction, instructor at West Point.
War Service April 1861 Lt. Col. and aide to Gen. Scott, November 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers and chief of staff to Halleck, Corinth, September 1864 superintendent of West Point.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Scientific and philanthropic work, historian and author, especially of later editions of Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy.
Notes Married the widow of General Halleck.

Name CURTIS, Newton Martin
Born May 21 1835, De Peyster NY
Died January 8 1910, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Teacher, postmaster, farmer.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 16th New York, Peninsula campaign (w), departmental duty, January 1863 Col. of 142nd New York, Cold Harbor, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/X Corps at Petersburg, commanded 1st Bde/Ames' Divn/Terry's Corps in the first attack on Fort Fisher, took part in second attack (w) -Medal of Honor, January 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. October 28 1864, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Collector of customs, politician, US congressman, author.
Notes

Name CURTIS, Samuel Ryan
Born February 3 1805, Clinton Cty NY
Died December 26 1866, Council Bluffs IA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1831, garrison duty, resigned 1832, civil engineer, Mexican war, lawyer, mayor, US congressman.
War Service 1861 Col. of 2nd Iowa, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded the federal forces at Pea Ridge, March 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept. of the Missouri, removed by Lincoln after an altercation with Governor Gamble, commanded Depts of Kansas and the Northwest.
Post War Career Peace commissioner to the Indians, railroad commissioner.
Notes

Name CUSTER, George Armstrong "Autie", "Fanny", "Curly"
Born December 5 1839, Harrison Cty OH
Died June 25 1876, Little Big Horn MT
Pre-War Profession Teacher, graduated West Point 1861
War Service 1861 Lt., carried despatches at First Bull Run, served on staffs of McClellan and Pleasonton, distinguished himself at Aldie, June 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers in command of 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/Cavalry Corps, Gettysburg, Yellow Tavern, commanded 3rd Cavalry Divn in the Shenandoah Valley campaign, Fisher's Hill, Five Forks, cut off the ANV's last escape route at Appomattox, April 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. October 19 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service as an Indian fighter, publicist.
Notes
On the Internet George Armstrong Custer
Further reading
Frost, Lawrence A Boy general in bronze: Custer, Michigan's hero on horseback Glendale CA, A.H. Clark Co., 1985
Urwin, Gregory J W Custer Victorious: the Civil War Battles of General George Armstrong Custer Rutherford, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1983

Name CUTLER, Lysander "The Gray Wolf", "Woodchuck"
Born February 16 1807, Worcester Cty MA
Died July 30 1866, Milwaukee WI
Pre-War Profession Surveyor, teacher, businessman, senator, militia colonel.
War Service July 1861 Col. of 6th Wisconsin, Second Bull Run (w), November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Fredericksburg, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/I Corps at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, commanded 1st Bde/4th Divn/V Corps at Wilderness, commanded the division after Wadsworth died, relieved at his own request for health reasons, draft duty, resigned June 1865.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 19 1864.
Post War Career
Notes


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Last updated April 2001