Name RAMSAY, George Douglas
Born February 21 1802, Dumfries VA
Died May 23 1882, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1820, artillery duty, staff duty, garrison duty, Ordnance Dept., Mexican war.
War Service April 1861 Maj., Lt. Col., commanded Washington arsenal 1861-1863, Col. June 1863, Brig. Gen. in Regular Army September 1863, Chief of Ordnance, retired for age in September 1864, continued to serve by special appointment.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, retired 1870.
Notes An effective chief of ordnance, but disagreements with Edwin Stanton halted his career.

Name RANSOM, Thomas Edward Greenfield
Born November 29 1834, Norwich VT
Died October 29 1864, nr Rome GA
Pre-War Profession Civil engineer, realtor.
War Service 1861 recruited a company of 11th Illinois - Capt., Maj., Lt. Col., Charleston, MO (w), Fort Donelson (w), Col., Shiloh (w), June 1862, Chief of Staff to McClernand and Inspector General of Army of Tennessee, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/6th Divn/XVII Corps at Vicksburg, Sabine Cross Roads (w), commanded XVI Corps at Atlanta, commanded XVII Corps in pursuit of Hood.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. September 1 1864.
Notes
Further reading
Huffstodt, Jim Hard dying men: the story of General W.H.L. Wallace, General T.E.G. Ransom, and their "Old Eleventh" Illinois Infantry in the American Civil War (1861-1865) Bowie MD, Heritage Books, 1991

Name RAUM, Green Berry
Born December 3 1829, Golconda IL
Died December 18 1909, Chicago IL
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician.
War Service September 1861 Maj. in 56th Illinois, Lt. Col., August 1862 Col., commanded 2nd Bde/7th Divn/XVII Corps, Vicksburg, Corinth, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/XVII Corps at Missionary Ridge (w), guarded communications in Atlanta Campaign, Resaca defenses, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/XV Corps, February 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. September 19 1864.
Post War Career Railroad president, US congressman, internal revenue commissioner, pension commissioner, lawyer.
Notes

Name RAWLINS, John Aaron
Born February 13 1831, Galena IL
Died September 6 1869, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, city attorney.
War Service August 1861, Capt., aide-de-camp and assistant adjutant to U.S. Grant, Maj., Lt. Col., August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, March 1865 Brig. Gen. in Regular Army.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. February 24 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. April 9 1865.
Post War Career Secretary of war (briefly).
Notes Claimed to have kept Gen. Grant from drink. Grant's alter ego.
On the Internet John A Rawlins

Name REID, Hugh Thompson
Born October 18 1811, Union City IN
Died August 28 1874, Keokuk IA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, district attorney, railroad president.
War Service February 1862 Col. of 15th Iowa., Shiloh (w), March 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/6th Divn/XVII Corps near Lake Providence LA, commanded District of Cairo, relieved of command March 1864, resigned April 1864.
Post War Career Railroad president.
Notes Advocate of enlisting colored troops.

Name REILLY, James William
Born May 20 1828, Akron OH
Died November 6 1905, Wellsville OH
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician.
War Service August 1862 Col. of 104th Ohio, garrison duty in Kentucky, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/XXIII Corps at Knoxville siege, commanded 3rd Divn/XXIII Corps in Altanta campaign, July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/XXIII Corps at Franklin, Carolinas, resigned April 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer, bank president.
Notes

Name RENO, Jesse Lee
Born June 20 1823, Wheeling VA
Died September 14 1862, South Mountain MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1846, Mexican war, assistant professor at West Point, ordnance board duty, arsenal commander.
War Service January 1861 Capt., surrendered Mount Vernon arsenal, November 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded brigade in Burnside's Carolina expedition, Roanoke Island, New Bern, Camden, commanded 2nd Divn/Dist. of North Carolina, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Divn/IX Corps at Second Bull Run and Chantilly, commanded IX Corps at Fox's Gap, Antietam (mw).
Notes Original name was Renault. Further reading
McConnell, William F Remember Reno: a Biography of Major General Jesse Lee Reno Shippensburg PA, White Mane 1996

Name REVERE, Joseph Warren
Born May 17 1812, Boston MA
Died April 20 1880, Hoboken NJ
Pre-War Profession Served in US Navy, resigned 1850, served in Mexican army, traveled abroad.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 7th New Jersey, Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days, Antietam, October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd bde/2nd Divn/III Corps at Fredericksburg, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/III Corps at Chancellorsville, court-martialed for marching to the rear, resigned August 1863.
Post War Career Traveled abroad, wrote memoirs.
Notes Grandson of Paul Revere.

Name REYNOLDS, John Fulton
Born September 21 1820, Lancaster PA
Died July 1 1863, Gettysburg PA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1837, garrison duty, Mexican war, commandant of cadets and instructor of tactics at West Point.
War Service May 1861 Lt. Col. of 14th US Infantry, August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/McCall's Div/V Corps on the Peninsula, captured by rebel pickets, exchanged August 1862, commanded 3rd Div Pennsylvania Reserves/III Corps at Second Bull Run, commanded militia in Maryland campaign, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded I Corps at Fredericksburg, commanded I Corps at Gettysburg, killed by rebel marksman on Cashtown Road while bringing up the 2nd Wisconsin (lead regiment).
Notes One of the greatest Union generals.
On the Internet John Fulton Reynolds Biography
Further reading
Nichols, Edward Jay Toward Gettysburg; a biography of General John F. Reynolds Pennsylvania State University Press, 1958.

Name REYNOLDS, Joseph Jones
Born January 4 1822, Flemingsburg KY
Died February 25 1899, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1843, artillery duty, instructor at West Point, resigned US Army 1857, college professor.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 10th Indiana, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded brigade at Cheat Mountain, January 1862 resigned, helped organize Indiana militia, September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 4th Divn/XIV Corps at Chickamauga, October 1862 chief of Staff in Army of the Cumberland, commanded New Orleans defenses, commanded Department of Arkansas.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867.
Post War Career Army service, duty in Reconstruction, frontier duty, US senator (briefly), court martialed for conduct in a campaign against the Sioux, resigned 1877.
Notes

Name RICE, Americus Vespucius
Born November 18 1835, Perryville OH
Died April 4 1904, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Law student.
War Service April 1861 Capt. of 21st Ohio, served western Virginia, Capt. of 57th Ohio, Lt. Col., Shiloh, Chickasaw Bayou, May 1863 Col., Vicksburg campaign, Atlanta campaign, Kennesaw Mountain (w), May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Post War Career Banker, US congressman, pension agent, purchasing agent for US Census Bureau.
Notes

Name RICE, Elliott Warren
Born November 16 1835, Allegheny City PA
Died June 22 1887, Sioux City IA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer.
War Service July 1861 Pvt. in 7th Iowa, July 1861 Corp., Maj., Belmont (w), Ft Donelson, April 1862 Col., Shiloh, advance on Corinth, commanded post and district at Bethel TN, protected Memphis & Charleston Railroad, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/XVI Corps in Atlanta campaign, June 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/4th Divn/XV Corps in March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign, Bentonville.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer.
Notes Was wounded seven times during the War. Younger brother of Gen. Samuel A. Rice.

Name RICE, James Clay
Born December 27 1829, Worthington MA
Died May 10 1864, Spotsylvania VA
Pre-War Profession Teacher, lawyer.
War Service May 1861 1st Lt. in 39th New York, Capt., September 1861 Col., Peninsula campaign, Second Bull Run, Chancellorsville, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/V Corps at Gettysburg, August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers for defence of Little Round Top, commanded 2nd Bde/4th Divn/I Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania (mw).
Notes When dying, he is reported to have said "Turn my face to the enemy".

Name RICE, Samuel Allen
Born January 27 1828, Cattaraugus City NY
Died July 6 1864, Oskaloosa IA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, county attorney, state attorney general for Iowa.
War Service October 1862 Col. of 33rd Iowa, entire service took place in Missouri and Arkansas, opened Yazoo Pass for navigation, commanded 2nd Bde/13th Divn/XIII Corps at Helena, August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Jenkins' Ferry (mw).
Notes Brother of Gen. E W Rice

Name RICHARDSON, Israel Bush "Fighting Dick"
Born December 26 1815, Fairfax VT
Died November 3 1862, Antietam MD
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1841, Seminole war, Mexican war, frontier duty, resigned US Army 1855, farmer.
War Service May 1861 recruited and organized 2nd Michigan Infantry - Col., commanded 4th Bde/1st Divn at First Bull Run, May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Divn/II Corps in Peninsula campaign, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded II Corps at South Mountain, Antietam (mw).
Notes Also called "Greasy Dick". Descendant of General Israel Putnam of Revolutionary War fame, and a fine fighter.

Name RICKETTS, James Brewerton
Born June 21 1817, New York NY
Died September 22 1887, District of Columbia
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1839, Mexican war, Seminole war, garrison duty.
War Service 1861 Capt. in 1st US Artillery, First Bull Run, (w,c), exchanged January 1862, July 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Divn/III Corps at Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, commanded 2nd Divn/I Corps at Antietam, assigned to the Fitz John Porter court-martial, commanded 3rd Divn/VI Corps in Overland campaign, Monocacy River, Shenandoah campaign (w), August 1864 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, retired 1867, court martial duty.
Notes

Name RIPLEY, James Wolfe
Born December 10 1794, Windham City CT
Died March 15 1870, Hartford CT
Pre-War Profession Entered West Point May 1813, graduated June 1814, War of 1812, fought Creek and Seminole Indians, garrison duty, Mexican war, ordnance duty.
War Service August 1861 Brig. Gen. in Regular army, April 1862 assumed direction of Ordnance Dept., fought against introduction of breech-loaders, replaced September 1863, appointed Inspector of Armaments of Forts on New England Coast.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. July 2 1861, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, inspector of government armaments.
Notes Uncle of Confederate Gen. Roswell S Ripley.

Name ROBERTS, Benjamin Stone
Born November 18 1810, Manchester VT
Died January 29 1875, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1835, frontier duty, resigned US Army 1839, chief engineer of a railroad, geologist, constructed a railroad in Russia, lawyer, militia officer, Mexican war, remained in army.
War Service May 1861 Major in 3rd US Cavalry, New Mexico invasion, Valverde, June 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Inspector General and Chief of Cavalry for Pope in Bull Run campaign, preferred charges on Porter, duties in Minnesota, commanded upper defenses of Washington, held minor commands until the end of war.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, cavalry duty, taught at Yale, resigned US Army 1870, lawyer, firearms manufacturer.
Notes

Name ROBINSON, James Sidney
Born October 14 1827, nr Mansfield OH
Died January 14 1892, Kenton OH
Pre-War Profession Printer, newspaper editor and publisher.
War Service April 1861 enlisted in 4th Ohio, elected 1st Lt., Capt., Rich Mountain, Major in 82nd Ohio, Lt. Col., August 1862 Col., Chancellorsville, Gettysburg (w), commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/XX Corps in Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, January 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. December 9 1864, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Commissioner for railroads and telegraphs, US congressman, secretary of state for Ohio.
Notes

Name ROBINSON, John Cleveland
Born April 10 1817, Binghampton NY
Died February 18 1897, Binghampton NY
Pre-War Profession Entered West Point 1835, dismissed for disciplinary reasons 1838, appointed US Army 1839, Mexican war, Seminole war, Utah expedition.
War Service April 1861 commander of Fort McHenry, recruited volunteers in Ohio and Michigan, September 1861 Col. of 1st Michigan, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/III Corps in Peninsula campaign, Second Bull Run, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/III Corps at Fredericksburg, commanded 2nd Divn/I Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, commanded 2nd Divn/V Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania (w) - Medal of Honor, commanded military districts in New York.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. June 27 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, ran Freedmen's Bureau in North Carolina, Departmental command, retired through disability 1869, lieutenant governor of New York.
Notes

Name RODMAN, Isaac Peace
Born August 18 1822, South Kingstown RI
Died September 30 1862, Antietam MD
Pre-War Profession Merchant, politician.
War Service June 1861 Capt. in 2nd Rhode Island, First Bull Run, October 1861 resigned commission, October 1861 Col. of 4th Rhode Island, Carolinas expedition, Roanoke Island, New Bern, Fort Macon, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Divn/IX Corps at South Mountain, Antietam (mw).
Notes

Name ROSECRANS, William Starke "Old Rosy"
Born September 6 1819, Delaware City OH
Died March 11 1898, Redondo CA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, engineer duty, resigned US Army 1854, architect, civil engineer.
War Service April 1861 Col. of Engineers on McClellan's staff, June 1861 Col. in 23rd Ohio Infantry, May 1861 Brig. Gen. in Regular Army, commanded a brigade at Rich Mountain, May 1862 directed left wing of Army of the Mississippi at Corinth, commanded Army of the Mississippi, Iuka, Corinth, March 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, October 1862 appointed to command of Army of the Cumberland, Murfeesboro, defeated at Chickamauga, replaced by Grant at Chattanooga in October 1863, 1864 commanded Department of Missouri until war's end.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, resigned 1867 after not receiving a command for 2 years, minister to Mexico, US congressman, register of the Treasury.
Notes A poor field commander, who was saved at Chickamauga by Thomas' stand, and allowed himself to be besieged at Chattanooga. However, his Tullahoma campaign was a strategic success.
On the Internet Major General William Rosecrans
Further reading
Lamers, William Mathias The edge of glory: a biography of General William S. Rosecrans, U.S.A. New York, Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961

Name ROSS, Leonard Fulton
Born July 18 1823, Lewistown IL
Died January 17 1901, Lewistown IL
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican war, probate judge, county clerk, politician, stock breeder.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 17th Illinois, service in Missouri and Kentucky, Fredericktown MO, commanded 3rd Bde/McClernand's division at Fort Donelson, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, siege of Corinth, July 1862 guarded railroads, Mississippi campaign, Holly Springs, Yazoo Pass expedition, commanded pst at Helena AR, resigned July 1863.
Post War Career Farmer, collector of inland revenue, stock breeder.
Notes

Name ROUSSEAU, Lovell Harrison
Born August 4 1818, Lincoln City KY
Died January 7 1869, New Orleans LA
Pre-War Profession Road worker, lawyer, politician, Mexican war.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 3rd Kentucky (Union) Infantry, October 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, October 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 4th Bde/2nd Divn at Shiloh, commanded 3rd Divn/I Corps at Perryville, commanded 1st Divn/XIV Corps at Stone's River, district commander in Nashville and Tennessee, resigned 1865.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 28 1867.
Post War Career US congressman, re-entered army, duty in Alaska.
Notes

Name ROWLEY, Thomas Algeo
Born October 5 1808, Pittsburgh PA
Died May 14 1892, Pittsburgh PA
Pre-War Profession Justice of the peace, Mexican war, politician, court clerk.
War Service April 1861 Col. of 13th Pennsylvania (later designated 102nd Pennsylvania), garrison duty on Potomac line, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Seven Pines (w), Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, Antietam, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/VI Corps at Fredericksburg, directed 1st Bde/3rd Divn/I Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, draft duties in Portland, court-martialed at Culpepper VA, restored to duty in command of District of Monongahela, resigned December 1864.
Post War Career Lawyer, US marshal.
Notes

Name RUCKER, Daniel Henry
Born April 28 1812, Belleville NJ
Died January 6 1910, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Commissioned as 2nd Lt. in 1st Dragoons in 1837, Mexican war, quartermaster duty.
War Service August 1861 Major in Quartermasters Department, retained in a staff duties in Quartermaster's Department throughout the war, May 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the Quartermaster's Dept., retired 1882 after forty-five years of duty.
Notes

Name RUGER, Thomas Howard
Born April 2 1833, Lima NY
Died June 3 1907, Stamford CT
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1854, engineer duty, resigned US Army 1855, lawyer.
War Service June 1861 Lt. Col. of 3rd Wisconsin, September 1861 Col., Shenandoah Valley campaign, Cedar Mountain, Maryland campaign, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/XII Corps at Antietam (w), November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Chancellorsville, commanded 2nd Divn/XII Corps at Gettysburg, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XX Corps in Atlanta campaign, commanded 2nd Divn/XIII Corps at Franklin, Carolinas campaign, commanded 1st Divn/Provisional Corps in closing scenes of the war.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867.
Post War Career Army service, Reconstruction duty, Indian fighter, superintendent of West Point, retired 1897.
Notes

Name RUSSELL, David Allen
Born December 10 1820, Salem NY
Died September 19 1864, Winchester VA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1845, Mexican war, frontier duty.
War Service 1861 Capt. in Washington defenses, January 1862 Col. of 7th Massachusetts, Peninsula campaign, Maryland campaign, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded3rd Bde/1st Divn/VI Corps at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, temporary division command at Rappahannock Station, commanded 1st Divn/VI Corps from the Wilderness to Petersburg, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Winchester (mw).
Brevet Promotions May 6 1864 Brig. Gen. U.S.A., Maj. Gen. U.S.V. September 19 1864, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. September 19 1864.
Notes


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