Name WADE, Melancthon Smith
Born December 2 1802, Cincinnati OH
Died August 11 1868, Cincinnati OH
Pre-War Profession Businessman.
War Service October 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, post commander of Camp Dennison, resigned March 1862 for reasons of age and health.
Post War Career Fruit farmer, horticulturist.
Notes

Name WADSWORTH, James Samuel
Born October 30 1807, Geneseo, NY
Died May 8 1864, Wilderness VA
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician.
War Service 1861 volunteer aide to McDowell at First Bull Run, August 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, military governor of District of Columbia, commanded 1st Divn/I Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, commanded 4th Divn/V Corps at Wilderness (k).
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. May 6 1864.
Notes
Further reading
Pearson, Henry Greenleaf James S. Wadsworth of Geneseo, brevet major-general of United States volunteers New York, C.Scribner's, 1913

Name WAGNER, George Day
Born September 22 1829, Ross County, OH
Died February 13 1869, Indianapolis, IN
Pre-War Profession Indiana state senator.
War Service June 1861 Col. of 15th Indiana, service in West Virginia, Shiloh, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XIV Corps at Stone's River, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/IV Corps at Missionary Ridge, Atlanta Campaign, commanded rear guard of Schofield's forces at Franklin, December 1864 relieved from duty at his own request.
Post War Career Lawyer
Notes

Name WALCUTT, Charles Carroll
Born February 12 1838, Columbus OH
Died May 2 1898, Omaha, NE
Pre-War Profession Graduated Kentucky Military Institute 1858, county surveyor.
War Service October 1861 Maj. of 46th Ohio, Lt. Col., Shiloh (w), October 1862 Col., siege of Vicksburg, capture of Jackson, commanded 2nd Bde/4th Divn/XV Corps at Missionary Ridge, Knoxville, July 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Atlanta campaign, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XV Corps in March to the Sea (w), led 1st Division/XIV Corps for Grand Review in Washington.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Prison warden, Army service (briefly), collector of internal revenue, mayor of Columbus OH.
Notes

Name WALLACE, Lewis "Lew"
Born April 10 1827, Brookville IN
Died February 15 1905, Crawfordsville, IN
Pre-War Profession Politician, lawyer, Mexican war.
War Service 1861 adjutant general of Indiana forces, April 1861 Col. of 11th Indiana, service in West Virginia, September appointed 1861 Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Fort Donelson, March 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Divn at Shiloh, served on commissions and boards, checked Early at the Monocracy River, member of the military commission which tried the Lincoln conspirators and president of court-martial of Henry Wirz of Andersonville fame.
Post War Career Governor of New Mexico Territory, US minister to Turkey, prolific writer, lecturer, and speaker.
Notes Wrote Ben Hur: A Tale of the Christ and other literary works.
On the Internet General Lew Wallace Born in Brookville Indiana
Further reading
Morsberger, Robert E Lew Wallace, militant romantic New York, McGraw-Hill, 1980

Name WALLACE, William Hervy Lamme
Born July 8 1821, Urbana OH
Died April 10 1862, Savannah TN
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican war.
War Service May 1861 Col. 11th Illinois, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn at Forts henry and Donelson, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Divn at Shiloh (mw).
Notes His middle names are variously spelled "Hervey", "Lamb" and "Lamm". The spelling that I have chosen comes from his daughters's 1909 "Life and letters ..."
Further reading
Huffstodt, Jim Hard dying men: the story of General W.H.L. Wallace, General T.E.G. Ransom, and their "Old Eleventh" Illinois Infantry in the American Civil War (1861-1865) Bowie MD, Heritage Books, 1991

Name WARD, John Henry Hobart
Born June 17 1823, New York NY
Died July 24 1903, Monroe NY
Pre-War Profession Enlisted US Army 1842, Mexican war, active in state militia.
War Service June 1861 Col. of 38th New York, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn at First Bull Run, led his regiment in Peninsula campaign, Groveton, Chantilly, October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/II Corps at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg (w), commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/II Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania (w), relieved of command May 1864 and mustered out in July 1864.
Post War Career Clerk in superior and Supreme courts of New York
Notes Accused of misbehavior at the Wilderness.

Name WARD, William Thomas
Born August 9 1808, Amelia County VA
Died October 12 1878, Greensburg KY
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, Mexican war, politician, US congressman.
War Service September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, service in Kentucky, post commander at Gallatin TN, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/XX Corps in Atlanta campaign, Resaca (twice wounded), Peachtree Creek, commanded 3rd Divn/XX Corps in March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. February 24 1865.
Post War Career Lawyer
Notes He came from a family of Virginia plantation owners, who had been in the state since at least 1632.

Name WARNER, James Meech
Born January 29 1836, Middlebury, VT
Died March 16 1897, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1860, frontier duty.
War Service May 1861 1st Lt. in 10th US Infantry, commanded Fort Wise (later Fort Lyon) CO, September 1862 Col. of 11th Vermont, defenses of Washington, reorganized 11th Vermont into a heavy artillery regiment, Wilderness, Spotsylvania (w), commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/VI Corps in Shenandoah Valley, Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. April 9 1865.
Post War Career Businessman, postmaster of New York City.
Notes

Name WARREN, Fitz-Henry
Born January 11 1816, Brimfield MA
Died June 21 1878, Brimfield MA
Pre-War Profession Newspaperman, assistant Iowa postmaster general.
War Service June 1861 Col. 1st Iowa Cavalry, duty in middle and western Missouri, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded of post at Houston MO, assigned to Department of the Gulf, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/XIII Corps in Red River campaign, commanded US forces on the Rio Grande River, general duties with Department of the East.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 24 1865.
Post War Career Politician, US minister to Guatemala, newspaperman.
Notes

Name WARREN, Gouverneur Kemble
Born January 8 1830, Cold Spring NY
Died August 8 1882, Newport RI
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1850, engineering duty (especially surveying), instructor at West Point.
War Service May 1861 Lt. Col. of 5th New York, Big Bethel, August 1861 Col., Yorktown, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/V Corps at Gaines's Mill (w), Second Bull Run, Antietam, September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Fredericksburg, May 1863 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, chief engineer of the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg (w) where his timely deployment of Vincent and Weed's brigades saved the day, commanded II Corps in Mine Run campaign, commanded V Corps in Overland campaign, relieved by Sheridan at Five Forks.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the engineers, writer, railroad bridge builder.
Notes Exonerated in 1882 by a court of inquiry which criticised Sheridan's action in relieving him.
Further reading
Jordan, David M "Happiness Is Not My Companion": the life of General G. K. Warren Bloomington, Indiana University Press 2001

Name WASHBURN, Cadwallader Colden
Born April 22 1818, Livermore ME
Died May 14 1882, Eureka Springs AR
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, US congressman, member of Washington peace conference.
War Service January 1862 Col. of 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded the Dept. of West Tennessee, commanded Yazoo Pass expedition, directed a detachment of three divisions of XVI Corps during siege and capture of Vicksburg, commanded in the Dept. of the Gulf.
Post War Career US congressman, governor of Wisconsin, and organized Washburn, Crosby and Company (now General Mills) in Minneapolis.
Notes
Further reading
Hunt, Gaillard Israel, Elihu and Cadwallader Washburn; a chapter in American biography Freeport NY, Books for Libraries Press, 1971

Name WATKINS, Louis Douglass
Born November 29 1833, Tallahassee FL
Died March 29 1868, New Orleans LA
Pre-War Profession Militia officer.
War Service April 1861 enlisted in DC Infantry, 1st Lt. in 14th US Infantry, 2nd US Cavalry, 5th US Cavalry, Peninsula campaign, Gaines's Mill (w), July 1862 Capt. and aide-de-camp to A.J. Smith in Kentucky, October 1862 appointed chief of Cavalry Army of Kentucky, raids into East Tennessee, February 1863 Col. of 6th Kentucky (Union) Cavalry, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Cavalry Divn at Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, pursued Hood after Nashville, post commander at Louisville KY. September 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. June 24 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the infantry.
Notes

Name WEBB, Alexander Stewart
Born February 15 1835, New York NY
Died February 12 1911, Riverdale NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1855, Seminole war, instructor at West Point.
War Service April 1861 1st Lt. in 2nd US Artillery, defense of Fort Pickens Capt. in 11th US Infantry, First Bull Run, September 1861 Maj. in 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, assistant to the chief of Artillery in Army of the Potomac, acting inspector general during Peninsula campaign, chief of staff in V Corps, inspector of artillery in Washington, assistant inspector general of V Corps, June 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps at Gettysburg (w) - Medal of Honor, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps in Wilderness, Spotyslvania (w), chief of staff to Meade at Petersburg.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the infantry, instructor at West Point, discharged in 1870 at his own request, President of College of the City of New York.
Notes Son of James Watson Webb, famous diplomat and newspaper owner.
Further reading
Webb, Alexander S The Peninsula : McClellan's Campaign of 1862 New York, Thomas Yoseloff, 1963

Name WEBER, Max (aka Von Weber)
Born August 27 1824, Achern (Baden Baden) Germany
Died June 15 1901, Brooklyn NY
Pre-War Profession Lt. in Grand Duke's Army, emigrated to US, conducted Hotel Constanz in New York.
War Service May 1861 organized "Turner Rifles" later known as the 20th New York Infantry, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commandant at Fort Monroe, commanded 3rd Bde/3rd Divn/II Corps at Antietam (w), duty in Washington, post commander of Harper's Ferry and troops between Sleepy Creek and Monocracy River, fought against Early's raid on Washington.
Post War Career US consul at Nantes France, tax assessor, collector of internal revenue.
Notes

Name WEBSTER, Joseph Dana
Born August 25 1811, Hampton NH
Died March 12 1876, Chicago IL
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, civil engineer, soldier, Mexican war, resigned US Army in 1854.
War Service July 1861 reappointed in the army as a staff paymaster, supervised construction of Cairo Illinois defenses, February 1862 Col. of 1st Illinois Light Artillery, Grant's chief of staff at Belmont, Forts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, in charge of all railroads supplying Grant's forces during Vicksburg campaign, chief of staff to Sherman during Atlanta campaign, chief of staff to Thomas.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Tax assessor, collector of internal revenue.
Notes Military confidant of U.S. Grant and W.T. Sherman

Name WEED, Stephen Hinsdale
Born November 17 1831, Potsdam NY
Died July 2 1863, Gettysburg PA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1854, frontier duty, Seminole War, served in Kansas, Utah expedition.
War Service May 1861 Capt. in 5th Artillery, Peninsula campaign, Second Bull Run as chief of artillery, Antietam, commanded V Corps artillery at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, June 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/V Corps at Gettysburg (mw).
Notes Died in the defence of Little Round Top.

Name WEITZEL, Godfrey
Born November 1 1835, Cincinnati OH
Died March 19 1884, Philadelphia PA
Pre-War Profession West Point 1855, construction of New Orleans fortifications, West Point instructor.
War Service 1861 served in Fort Pickens, chief engineer to Butler's expedition against New Orleans, acting mayor of New Orleans, August 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, 1863 commanded 1st Divn/XIX Corps at Port Hudson, chief engineer of Army of the James at Petersburg, commanded XVIII then XXV Corps, November 1864 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, Fort Fisher, commanded all troops north of the Appomattox River during final operations of the War.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 28 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the engineers, constructed ship canal at the Falls of the Ohio, the great lock at Sault Sainte Marie and the lighthouse on Stannard's Rock in Lake Superior.
Notes

Name WELLS, William
Born December 14 1837, Waterbury VT
Died April 29 1892, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Merchant
War Service September 1861 Pvt. in 1st Vermont Cavalry, 1st Lt., Capt., Shenandoah Valley campaign, Second Bull Run, Maj., Gettysburg, Kilpatrick's Richmond raid, June 1864 Col., commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/Cavalry Corps in Shenandoah Valley campaign, Winchester, Cedar Creek, Petersburg, Appomattox, May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. February 22 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Adjutant General of Vermont, internal revenue collector, politician.
Notes

Name WELSH, Thomas
Born May 5 1824, Columbia PA
Died August 14 1863, Cincinnati OH
Pre-War Profession Businessman, Mexican war, discharged 1848, merchant, canalboat owner, justice of the peace and lock superintendent at Columbia.
War Service April 1861 recruited a company of 11th Pennsylvania - Lt. Col., October 1861 Col. of 45th Pennsylvania, 1862 commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn at Charleston Harbor, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/IX Corps at South Mountain, Antietam, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - appointment expired, commanded regiment at Fredericksburg, reappointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers March 1863, command 1st Divn/IX Corps in Vicksburg campaign, contracted malaria and died.
Notes

Name WESSELLS, Henry Walton
Born February 20 1809, Litchfield CT
Died January 12 1889, Dover, DE
Pre-War Profession West Point 1833, Seminole War, Mexican war, served on Pacific Coast, Dakotas, Kansas.
War Service June 1861 Capt. in 6th US Infantry, September 1861 Colonel of 8th Kansas, served on Missouri border, March 1862 transferred to Army of the Potomac, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Peninsula campaign, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/IV Corps at Seven Pines (w), Seven Days, commanded District of Albemarle, Plymouth NC (s), exchanged, served as commissary of prisoners, commanded New York draft rendezvous.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the infantry, frontier duty, retired 1871.
Notes Presented a jeweled sword for gallantry during battles of Contreras and Churubusco.
On the Internet General Henry Walton Wessells

Name WEST, Joseph Rodman
Born September 19 1822, New Orleans LA
Died October 31 1898, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Mexican war, newspaperman.
War Service August 1861 Lt. Col. in 1st California, participated in recapture of Arizona and New Mexico, June 1862 Col., October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, led Apache nation expedition, commanded District of Arizona, commanded 2nd Divn/VII Corps during Red River campaign, commanded cavalry in Department of the Gulf at New Orleans and Baton Rouge.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. January 4 1866.
Post War Career Deputy US marshal in New Orleans, customs auditor, US senator, member board of commissioners of District of Columbia.
Notes

Name WHEATON, Frank
Born May 8 1833, Providence RI
Died June 18 1903, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Worked the Mexican-American Boundary Commission, frontier duty, Utah expedition.
War Service July 1861 Lt. Col. of 2nd Rhode Island, First Bull Run, July 1861 Col., Peninsula campaign, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Fredericksburg, commanded 3rd Bde/3rd Divn/VI Corps at Chancellorsville, commanded 3rd Divn/VI Corps at Gettysburg, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/VI Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, helped repel Jubal Early's raid on Washington, commanded 1st Divn/VI Corps in Shenandoah Valley, Petersburg.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. October 19 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, commanded expedition against Modocs in California, retired 1897.
Notes Father-in-law was Gen. Samuel Cooper, C.S.A.

Name WHIPPLE, Amiel Weeks
Born October 15 1816, Greenwich MA
Died May 7 1863, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Teacher, graduated West Point 1841, engineer officer.
War Service 1861 served as McDowell's chief topographical engineer at First Bull Run, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, defences of Washington, October 1862 command 3rd Divn/III Corps at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville (mw).
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. May 4 1863.
Notes Surveyed United States-Canadian and U.S.-Mexican boundaries, surveyed railroad route through Arizona Territory to California, removed navigation obstacles in Great Lakes and St. Mary's River before the war.

Name WHIPPLE, William Denison
Born August 2 1826, Madison County NY
Died April 1 1902, New York NY
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1851, frontier duty in New Mexico and Texas, quartermaster at Indianola Texas when Texas insurgents captured the post, escaped to fight again.
War Service August 1861 Capt. and assistant adjutant general to Hunter at First Bull Run, Capt., Maj., July 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, duty in Departments of Pennsylvania, Virginia, Middle Military Department, sundry other posts, November 1863 Adjutant General of the Army and Department of the Cumberland, chief of staff to Thomas, Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, appointment expired, reappointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers November 1864, Franklin and Nashville campaign.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service as a staff officer, retired 1890.
Notes

Name WHITAKER, Walter Chiles
Born August 8 1823, Shelbyville KY
Died July 9 1887, Lyndon KY
Pre-War Profession Law student, Mexican war, lawyer, farmer, politician.
War Service December 1861 Col. 6th Kentucky (Union) Infantry, Shiloh, Stone's River, June 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/IV Corps at Chattanooga (w), Atlanta campaign, Franklin and Nashville campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Criminal trial lawyer
Notes

Name WHITE, Julius
Born September 23 1816, Cazenovia NY
Died May 12 1890, Evanston IL
Pre-War Profession Businessman, politician, collector of customs in Chicago.
War Service September 1861 Col. of 37th Illinois Infantry (aka Fremont Rifles), commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn at Pea Ridge, June 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, September 1862 stationed at Harper's Ferry (s), arrested and exonerated, commanded 2nd Divn/XXIII Corps at Knoxville, chief of staff until Petersburg Mine disaster, resigned November 1864 for ill health.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Businessman
Notes Active in Military Order of the Loyal Legion and served as Illinois commander of the Legion.

Name WILD, Edward Augustus
Born November 25 1825, Brookline MA
Died August 28 1891, Medellin Colombia
Pre-War Profession Physician, surgeon in Sultan's forces in Crimean War.
War Service 1861 enlisted in 1st Massachusetts, Capt., First Bull Run, Seven Pines (w), August 1862 Col. of 35th Massachusetts, South Mountain (w), April 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, assisted in recruiting Negro troops and commanded the "Wild African Brigade" until close of the war, picket duty on Appomattox River, served in the forces which occupied Richmond.
Post War Career Mine superintendent, traveled to South America and died there.
Notes
Further reading
Witt, Jerry V Wild in North Carolina : General Edward A. Wild's December 1863 raid into Camden, Pasquotank and Currituck counties Springfield VA, J.V. Witt, 1993

Name WILLCOX, Orlando Bolivar
Born April 16 1823, Detroit MI
Died May 10 1907, Coburg Ontario
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1847, Mexican war, served in New Mexico, Massachusetts and Florida, resigned 1857, lawyer.
War Service May 1861 Col. of 1st Michigan, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn at First Bull Run (w,c) - Medal of Honor, released August 1862 and appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers (from June 1861), commanded 1st Divn/IX Corps at Antietam, commanded IX Corps at Fredericksburg, served in Kentucky, commanded 3rd Divn/IX Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, commanded 1st Divn/IX Corps at Petersburg.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 2 1867.
Post War Career Lawyer, Army service from 1866, commanded Dept. of Arizona, Apache wars, retired 1887, governor of Washington's Soldiers' Home.
Notes The town of Willcox, Arizona is named after him. He published two novels under pseudonym Maj. Walter March.

Name WILLIAMS, Alpheus Starkey
Born September 29 1810, Saybrook CT
Died December 21 1878, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, probate judge, newspaper owner, Mexican war, Detroit postmaster, president of the state military board and Brig. Gen. of state volunteers.
War Service May 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Divn/V Corps in Shenandoah Valley campaign, commanded 1st Divn/II Corps at Cedar Mountain, commanded 1st Divn/XII Corps at South Mountain, commanded XII Corps at Antietam, commanded 1st Divn/XII Corps at Chancellorsville, commanded XII Corps at Gettsyburg, commanded 1st Divn/XII Corps at Chickamauga, commanded 1st Divn/XX Corps in Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. January 12 1865.
Post War Career US minister to the Republic of Salvador, US congressman.
Further reading
Williams, Alpheus S From the cannon's mouth : the Civil War letters of General Alpheus S. Williams Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, 1995

Name WILLIAMS, David Henry
Born March 19 1819, Otsego County NY
Died June 1 1891, Pittsburgh PA
Pre-War Profession Railroad surveyor.
War Service July 1861 Col. of 31st Pennsylvania, Seven Pines, Malvern Hill, Maryland campaign, regiment renamed the 82nd Pennsylvania, Antietam, assigned to VI Corps, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Fredericksburg, commission expired in 1863.
Post War Career Engineer, and magazine and newspaper writer.
Notes

Name WILLIAMS, Nelson Grosvenor
Born May 4 1823, Bainbridge NY
Died November 30 1897, Brooklyn NY
Pre-War Profession Attended West Point for one year, importer, general store owner, farmer.
War Service 1861 Col. of 3rd Iowa, served in Missouri, commanded 1st Bde/4th Divn at Shiloh (w), resigned November 1862, reappointment as Brig. Gen. of Volunteers was refused by Senate.
Post War Career Farmer, deputy collector of customs in New York City.
Notes

Name WILLIAMS, Seth
Born March 22 1822, Augusta Me
Died March 23 1866, Boston MA
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, garrison duty, Mexican war, adjutant at West Point, duty in adjutant general's department.
War Service August 1861 Maj., September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers and adjutant general of the Army of the Potomac, inspector general to U.S. Grant.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. August 1 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Adjutant general Military District of the Atlantic, died on active duty.
Notes

Name WILLIAMS, Thomas
Born January 10 1815, Albany NY
Died August 5 1862, Baton Rouge LA
Pre-War Profession Black Hawk War, graduated West Point 1837, service against Seminoles, garrison duty and instructor at West Point, Mexican war, duties in the West and duty again against Seminoles.
War Service May 1861 Maj. 5th US Artillery, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 4th Bde in North Carolina expedition, commanded Fort Hatteras, commanded 2nd Bde at New Orleans, attacked by Confederates trying to recapture Baton Rouge (mw).
Notes

Name WILLIAMSON, James Alexander
Born February 8 1829, Adair County KY
Died September 7 1902, Jamestown RI
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, chairman Iowa State Democratic Committee
War Service 1861 1st Lt., adjutant of the 4th Iowa, Lt. Col., July 1862 Col., Pea Ridge, garrison duty at Helena AR, Chickasaw Bayou Medal of Honor, Arkansas Post, Vicksburg campaign, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XV Corps in Chattanooga campaign, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta campaign, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/XV Corps in March to the Sea, January 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. December 19 1864, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Commissioner of the General Land Office, land commissioner and later president of the Atlantic and Pacific (later Santa Fe) railroad.
Notes

Name WILLICH, August (aka Von Willich)
Born November 19 1810, Braunsberg Prussia
Died January 22 1878, Cincinnati OH
Pre-War Profession 1st Lt. and Capt. in Prussian Army, resigned commission, communist, carpenter, labor newspaper editor in Cincinnati.
War Service 1861 recruited German immigrants, 1st Lt. in 9th Ohio, Maj., August 1861 Col. of 32nd Indiana, Shiloh, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Perryville, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/XIV Corps at Stone's River (c), paroled and exchanged, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/XX Corps at Chickamauga, Resaca (w), commanded combined post of Cincinnati, Covington KY and Newport Barracks KY.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. October 21 1865.
Post War Career County auditor, traveled to Europe.
Notes
Further reading
Easton, Loyd David Hegel's first American followers: the Ohio Hegelians: John B. Stallo, Peter Kaufmann, Moncure Conway, and August Willich, with key writings Athens, Ohio University Press, 1966

Name WILSON, James Harrison
Born September 2 1837, Shawneetown IL
Died February 23 1925, Wilmington DE
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1860, assistant topographic engineer in the Department of the Oregon.
War Service September 1861 chief topographic engineer Port Royal expedition, Fort Pulaski, aide-de-camp to General McClellan during Maryland campaign, South Mountain, Antietam, Lt. Col. on Grant's staff in Dept. of the West, inspector general Army of Tennessee during Vicksburg campaign, October 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Chattanooga, chief engineer of Knoxville relief force, assigned chief of cavalry bureau in Washington, commanded 3rd Divn/Cavalry Corps for Richmond campaign, Petersburg, Shenandoah Valley, chief of cavalry Military District of the Mississippi, organized, trained and commanded the corps of cavalry that destroyed Hood's Army at Franklin and Nashville in late 1864, Selma, May 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. October 5 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the infantry and the engineers, discharged 1870 at his own request, writer, railroad manager, served as Maj. Gen. of Volunteers in Puerto Rico and Cuba during Spanish-American War, Boxer Rebellion, US representative to Edward VII's coronation.
Notes Probably the most distinguished of the "boy generals". He was the only officer promoted to troop command from Grant's regular staff.
On the Internet Major General James Harrison Wilson
Further reading
Jones, James P Yankee blitzkrieg : Wilson's raid through Alabama and Georgia Athens, University of Georgia Press, 1976
Wilson, James Harrison Under the old flag; recollections of military operations in the War for the Union, the Spanish War, the Boxer Rebellion, etc Westport CT, Greenwood Press, 1971
Longacre, Edward G From Union stars to top hat; a biography of the extraordinary General James Harrison Wilson Harrisburg PA, Stackpole Books, 1972

Name WISTAR, Isaac Jones
Born November 14 1827, Philadelphia PA
Died September 18 1905, Claymont DE
Pre-War Profession Lawyer
War Service 1861 recruited a company of volunteers - Capt., the unit became part of 71st Pennsylvania (California Regiment), Lt. Col., Ball's Bluff, November 1861 Col., Peninsula campaign, Antietam (w), November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded reserve brigade of Getty's division at Suffolk, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/XVIII Corps at Bermuda Hundred, September 1864 resigned.
Post War Career Lawyer, coal businessman, writer and speaker on penology.
Notes He appears to have been relieved after the fiasco at Bermuda Hundred.

Name WOOD, Thomas John
Born September 25 1823, Munfordville KY
Died February 25 1906, Dayton OH
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1845, Mexican war, Indian frontier duty, European leave 1859-1861.
War Service March 1861 Maj. in 1st US Cavalry, Lt. Col., mustered troops in Indiana, October 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 6th Divn at Shiloh, advance on Corinth, commanded 6th Divn/II Corps at Perryville, Stone's River (w), commanded 1st Divn/XXI Corps in Tullahoma campaign, Chickamauga, commanded 3rd Divn/IV Corps at Missionary Ridge, Knoxville, Atlanta campaign, Lovejoy Station (w), commanded IV Corps at Nashville, January 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service, retired 1868, member of West Point Board of Visitors.
Notes Second cousin to C.S.A. Gen. Ben Hardin Helm. He was the last survivor of the West Point Class of 1845

Name WOODBURY, Daniel Phineas
Born December 16 1812, New London NH
Died August 15 1864, Key West FL
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1836, engineer projects including building the Cumberland Road, Fort Warren, Forts Kearny and Laramie on the Oregon Trail, Fort Jefferson in the Dry Tortugas and Fort Taylor on Key West.
War Service April 1861 Capt., granted a special pass from President Jefferson Davis to return with his family to the North, First Bull Run, Maj., Lt. Col., March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, directed McClellan's brigade of engineer troops during Peninsula campaign, Fredericksburg, commanded District of Key West and Tortugas in Department of the Gulf, contacted yellow fever and died on active duty.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. December 13 1862, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. August 15 1864.
Notes

Name WOODS, Charles Robert
Born February 18 1827, Newark OH
Died February 26 1885, Woodside NJ
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1852, duty in Texas and Washington.
War Service 1861 commander of troops aboard the Star of the West sent to relieve Fort Sumner, October 1861 Col. of 76th Ohio, operations in West Virginia, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, advanced to brigade command prior to the advance on Corinth, Chickasaw Bluffs, Arkansas Post, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XV Corps at Vicksburg, August 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Divn/XV Corps in Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign.
Brevet Promotions Maj. Gen. U.S.V. November 22 1864, Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the infantry, retired 1874.
Notes Brother of Gen. William B. Woods

Name WOODS, William Burnham
Born August 3 1824, Newark OH
Died May 14 1887, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Lawyer, politician, mayor of Newark, member and speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives.
War Service February 1862 Lt. Col. of 76th Ohio, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, advance on Corinth, Chickasaw Bayou, Arkansas Post (w), September 1863 Col., Atlanta campaign, March to the Sea, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/XV Corps in Carolina campaign, May 1865 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.V. January 12 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.V. March 13 1865.
Post War Career U.S. circuit court judge of Georgia and Gulf States, associate justice of U.S. Supreme Court.
Notes

Name WOOL, John Ellis
Born February 29 1784, Newburgh NY
Died November 10 1869, Troy NY
Pre-War Profession War of 1812, 1841 Brig. Gen. USA, moved Cherokee Indians to eastern Oklahoma, Mexican war, commanded Department of the East and Department of the Pacific.
War Service August 1861 sent reinforcements to Fort Monroe to save it for the Union, May 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. in Regular Army, commanded the Middle Department and Department of the East, retired August 1863.
Post War Career
Notes Oldest officer to exercise active command on either side during the Civil War.
Further reading
Cannon, Le Grand B Personal reminiscences of the rebellion, 1861-1866 Freeport NY, Books for Libraries Press, 1971

Name WRIGHT, George
Born October 21 1801 or 1803, Norwich VT
Died July 30 1865, California coast
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1822, garrison and recruiting duty, Seminole war, Mexican war, Col. of 9th Infantry, commanded the Department of Oregon.
War Service September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers to command the Department of the Pacific which he commanded throughout the Civil War, died in shipwreck of the steamer Brother Jonathan off the California coast.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. December 19 1864.
Notes Remembered as the General who had almost nothing to do with the Civil War.
Further reading
Schlicke, Carl Paul General George Wright, guardian of the Pacific Coast Norman, University of Oklahoma Press, 1988

Name WRIGHT, Horatio Gouverneur
Born March 6 1820, Clinton CT
Died July 2 1899, Washington DC
Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1841, supervised harbor improvements.
War Service 1861 captured then released in the abortive attempt to destroy Norfolk Navy Yard dry docks, chief engineer Heintzelman's division at First Bull Run and Port Royal expedition, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, led expedition against Florida coast, June 1862 commanded 1st Divn at Secessionville SC, commanded Department of the Ohio, July 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers - revoked March 1863, reappointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers March 1863, commanded 1st Divn/VI Corps at Gettysburg, Rappahannock Bridge, Mine Run, Wilderness campaign, commanded VI Corps at Spotsylvania after Sedgwick's death, opposed Jubal Early's Washington raid, Shenandoah campaign, Cedar Creek, Petersburg, Appomattox.
Brevet Promotions Brig. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865, Maj. Gen. U.S.A. March 13 1865.
Post War Career Army service in the engineers, Chief Engineer of the Army, helped to complete the Washington Monument, retired for age in 1884.
Notes


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Last updated June 2005